Pediatric Patient with Sleep Disordered Breathing (Sdb) of Central Origin Secondary to Arnold Chiari Type I Malformation: A Case Report

Author(s): Diego Morena Valles, Sofía Romero Peralta, Olga Mediano

The diagnosis and treatment of Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB) in pediatric age differs in relation to the adult. Central sleep apnea syndrome (CSAS) is less frequent in childhood, and one of the causes of it is the alterations of the brainstem like the malformation of Chiari type I. The main diagnostic method of SDB is Polysomnography, and there are other methods like brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to investigate its etiology. Here, we share our experience with an 8-year-old female with malformation of Chiari type I and CSAS, and the steps we followed for the diagnosis and successful treatment of such an infrequent pathology in childhood.

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