Impact of the “Bacteria-Parasite Interaction” in Animal Health and their Participation in the Control of Parasites

Author(s): Emmanuel Dunstand-Guzmán, Laura Lina-García, Sandra Maricela Cuate-Rosas, Guadalupe Peña-Chora

The parasite infections of animals (production and pets) affect the health and quality of animal life, the parasites frequently present a microbiome associated which play several functions, like nutrition, reproduction or defense against the host immune system, and in some cases are opportunistic microorganisms. These bacteria might cause secondary infections to animals, so the parasite can become a vector of pathogenic bacterial, reason why the understanding of the "bacteria-parasite interaction” is important to combating of parasitic infestations. The current resistance to conventional dewormers or ixodicides, are issue in parasitology; attack a vital bacteria of parasites through antibiotics possibly can be a control alternative, at the same way, the use of bacteria capable to control to parasitic diseases by antagonist interaction, like lethal toxins or adhesion at the site invasion of the parasites, are alternatives to explore. Understand the bacteria-parasite interaction will help us to the control of parasitic diseases in an integral form, as well know as the bacterial infections that can develop from the parasitic infestation. The use of antagonist bacterial is a biotechnological option in the control of parasites as therapy on the animal biomedicine, so in this review, we have a general idea of the “bacteria-parasite interaction" and their impact on the animal’s health.

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