Asylum: Psychiatric and Social Aspects
Sergei V. Jargin
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Clementovski per 6-82, 115184 Moscow, Russia
*Corresponding Author: Sergei V. Jargin, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Clementovski per 6-82, 115184 Moscow, RussiaView / Download Pdf Share at Facebook
Psychiatric problems, Suicide, Asylum
The immigration process is a risk factor for psychiatric problems putatively due to stress, stigmatization, losses in social status, etc.  Factors related to the asylum process and immigration affect the psychological functioning of refugees . It is not surprising that the incidence e.g. of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is enhanced among asylum seekers (AS) . Frustrating and stressful experiences can lead to unhealthy coping strategies with alcohol drinking, smoking and drug abuse . AS are at elevated risk for attempted or completed suicide . The presence of co-morbid depression seems to enhance the effect of PTSD on suicidality . Psychological problems are relatively frequent also among refugee children, although their extent tends to be reduced over time .
During the 20th century, millions of refugees found asylum in other countries. This agrees with the principles of humanity. However, new social aspects have come to the fore during the last decades. Along with true refugees, the AS population contains large numbers of economical migrants, asocial elements and criminals. The latter are sometimes dominating and bullying others. Furthermore, it is well known among AS that information provided to the authorities as reasons for the asylum is often invented. Apparently, truthfulness is not always checked. AS live in the receiving county without work permit, which motivates many of them to work illegally, to engage in business with their ethnic communities, often without paying taxes, or commit crime e.g. shoplifting. Prisons in the West are comfortable compared to those in less developed countries, so that some AS are not against imprisonment for some time. AS loiter in public places, occupy libraries with a free internet access, some of them burrow in dustbins and then go to public places. In this way, the concept of asylum is discredited. In Russia, the procedure of application for asylum was reported to be associated with a difficult access, shortage of information, queues, unfriendly attitude, bribery, threats of expulsion etc.  Certainly, the problem cannot be viewed separately from the global overpopulation, ethnic and gender shifts . Concentrating authority by a powerful international executive, based in the countries receiving the majority of AS, the globalised leadership could maintain human rights all over the world thus eliminating grounds to seek asylum. Large-scale projects could be accomplished by the globalised mankind: construction of irrigation facilities for drought-stricken lands; nuclear, solar, tidal and other power plants to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels, etc. Furthermore, it is known that fraud in the healthcare and medical research can be conductive to an elevation of risks [10, 11]. Research should be purified from scientific misconduct, generally revitalized and better planned. These measures would create many jobs. Accordingly, the propaganda should popularize the image of modest and hardworking people.
- Ugarte Bustamante LHU, Leclerc E, et al. It is time to prepare mental health services to attend to migrants and refugees. Rev Bras Psiquiatr 38 (2016): 263-264.
- Li SS, Liddell BJ, et al. The Relationship Between Post-Migration Stress and Psychological Disorders in Refugees and Asylum Seekers. Curr Psychiatry Rep 18 (2016): 82.
- Close C, Kouvonen A, et al. The mental health and wellbeing of first generation migrants: a systematic-narrative review of reviews. Global Health 12 (2016): 47.
- George U, Thomson MS, et al. Immigrant mental health, a public health issue: looking back and moving forward. Int J Environ Res Public Health 1 2(2015): 13624-1348.
- Maier T. Suicide and suicidality in immigrant populations ? transcultural aspects. Ther Umsch 72 (2015): 649-655.
- Panagioti M, Gooding P, et al. Post-traumatic stress disorder and suicidal behavior: A narrative review. Clin Psychol Rev 29 (2009): 471-482.
- Montgomery E. Trauma, exile and mental health in young refugees. Acta Psychiatr Scand Suppl 440 (2011): 1-46.
- Burtina EYU, Korosteleva EYU, et al. Russia as a country of asylum. Moscow: Your Format (2015).
- Jargin S. Demographical aspects of environmental damage and climate change. Climate Change 1 (2015): 158-160.
- Cury A. O futuro da humanidade. Botafogo: Sextante Ltda 2005.
- Jargin SV. Russian pathology and scientific misconduct. Indian J Pathol Microbiol 52 (2009): 443.