Variations in Intraocular Pressure During Different Phases of Menstrual Cycle

Author(s): Ambika Adhikari, Ramachandra V Shet, Rajib Mandal, Yogesh Vaghela

Aim: To evaluate Intraocular Pressure (IOP) variations during different phases of Menstrual cycle. Methods: In this prospective study 100 emmetropic female subjects aged between 18 to 25 years were included to understand IOP changes through different menstrual phase. After a detailed ophthalmic examination non-eligible subjects were excluded from this study. Results: ANOVA test shows the mean IOP for menstrual phase, proliferative phase and secretory phase in right eye was 13.851 mm Hg, 15.549 mm Hg, 15.961 mm Hg and in left eye was 14.748 mm Hg, 15.692 mm Hg and 16.062 mm Hg respectively. Statistically significant IOP changes found during the different phases of Menstrual Cycle, degrees of freedom= (2, 297) considering significance level at 5%. Conclusion: During routine eye examination this statistically significant IOP changes between both eye throughout various menstrual cycle stages need to consider.

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