The Prevalence and Severity of Psychological Stress and Anxiety among Nurses of Tamale Teaching Hospital-Ghana

Author(s): Nicholas Yakubu Danzima, Peter Mintir Amadu, Rejoice Enyonam Hoedoafia, Maliche Hawa, Vivian Kapio Abem, Samuel Paapa Kofi Paintsil

Background: The goal of this study was to investigate the occurrence and intensity of stress and anxiety among nurses at Tamale Teaching Hospital, along with the factors that contribute to these conditions and the coping mechanisms employed by nurses.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study design was used. The researchers collected demographic information from the participants, which included variables such as age, gender, level of education, and employment experience. Furthermore, the collection of data pertaining to perceived tension levels, anxiety, and coping strategies was accomplished by employing rigorously validated scales and questionnaires.

Results: The results of the study indicated a notable prevalence of stress and anxiety among nurses, exhibiting varying levels of intensity. Several factors that contribute to stress and anxiety in individuals are workload, job demands, and work-related responsibilities. Nurses utilized a variety of coping strategies, which encompassed engaging in physical exercise and activities, as well as seeking social support.

Conclusion: The research emphasizes the significance of enacting supportive policies, enhancing practice interventions, and allocating resources to effectively address the mental health requirements of nurses. Additional investigation is necessary in order to acquire a more profound comprehension of the fundamental factors and enduring consequences of stress and anxiety on the overall welfare of nurses.

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