Numerous Distinct Orthodontic Treatment Techniques Impacting The Airway Dimensions: A Critical Review

Author(s): Heba Allah Ahmed Ahmed Elghawy, Abbadi Adel Elkadi, Walaa El sayed Elgemeay

In this review, we assessed upon how various orthodontic treatments influence the dimensions of the airway. Almost a third of all cases of malocclusion that orthodontists treat involve Class II malocclusion. Class II malocclusion has been linked to narrower pharyngeal airways. Multiple techniques have been used to remedy this malocclusion. When it comes to making an orthodontic diagnosis and determining next steps in treatment, breathing plays a crucial role. The pharynx, skull, and teeth have all been linked in numerous studies. Multiple studies have found a correlation between sleep apnea and mouth breathing. Correcting bone or dental issues, or both, can alleviate the associated symptoms. Therefore, it would be extremely interesting to understand and interpret the airway during diagnostic and treatment planning to have a clear image of the changes in airway dimensions throughout the course of orthodontic therapy utilizing different treatment modalities. Therefore, it is crucial to have a thorough comprehension of the idea of an airway. In this review, we'll glance at how the various orthodontic and dentofacial orthopedic procedures depict shifts in pharyngeal airway dimensions as assessed by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). The pulmonary airways benefit from distalization with a Carrière Motion appliance. The total upper airway volume was greatly expanded. Search terms: Airway measurements, CBCT, and orthodontic care.

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