Echocardiographic Assessment of Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction In Adult Patients with Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension Above 30 Years
Author(s): Syed Shah Hussain Miran, Muhammad Azeem, Faisal Shah, Syed Amir Gilani, Raham Bacha, Syed Muhammad Yousaf Farooq, Hafiz Syed Arsalan Gilani
Objective: The target of the present investigation is to echocardiographic grade of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in grown-up patients with diabetes mellitus and hypertension over 30 years.
Methodology: This was cross-sectional analytical study with sample size of 149, performed at Punjab Institute of Cardiology Lahore, for 03 months. The patients was underlying heart diseases such as: Myocardial Infarction, Angina Pectoris, Congenital Heart Diseases, Valvular Heart Diseases, Pericardial Disease – by history, chest X-ray (CXR) postero-anterior (PA) view, and echocardiography (Echo) and patients with regional wall motion abnormalities are excluded by Echo and Age above 30. Machine was performed with convex transducer of Aplio & Ge.
Result: Total 149 patients were taken a crack at the investigation, in which out of 149 patients 53(35.6%) were female and 96(64.5%) were male. 37 patients were analyzed ordinary, 86 were analyzed as grade 1, 22 patients were analyzed as grade 2, and 4 were analyzed as grade 3.Out 149 patients 141 were hypertensive. 86 were finding LVDD, 26 patients were determination LVSD and 37 were conclusion ordinary. 82 patients were not diabetic and 67 were diabetic. The mean of the age of the patients was 54 years and Std. deviation was 10.64%.
Conclusion: In present study examination exhibits that hypertension and diabetes mellitus have an independent positive impact on left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. The occurrence of grade 3 left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and left ventricular systolic dysfunction increased with diabetes mellitus.