Comparison of 3D Echo and In-Vivo Analysis of the Tricuspid Valve During Mitral Surgery. 3D-Echo vs In Vivo Analysis of Tricuspid

Author(s): Matteo Pettinari, Laurent De Kerchove, Michel Van Dyck, Agnes Pasquet, Bernhard Gerber, Gebrine El-Khoury, Jean-Louis Vanoverschelde

Background: The tricuspid valve is a complex threedimensional (3D) structure. Echocardiography (2D/3D) is the gold standard for evaluating valve function and anatomy. The aim of our study was to compare in vivo with 3D echocardiographic tricuspid valve measurements in patients treated for mitral valve disease.

Methods: Among the 139 patients treated for mitral valve disease, 37 had an intraoperative evaluation by 3D trans-esophageal echocardiography. After exposure of the valve, we took several pictures to obtain annular and leaflet measurements. We traced the echocardiographic annular measurements (area, perimeter, septal anterior, and latero-lateral diameters) at six different moments of the cardiac cycle: early, mid, and late, systole and diastole; leaflet lengths and areas were measured only during end-systole and diastole. From the intraoperative pictures, we obtained annular and leaflet measurements and compared them to echocardiographic findings using Pearson’s correlation test.

Results: Significant correlations were found between 3D echocardiography and in vivo measurements in terms of valve areas and perimeter (p < 0.01; r = 0.77 and p < 0.01; r=0.61, respectively) while diameters correlated moderately. Correlations of leaflet measurements were poor (R: 0.51–0.61). Multivariate linear regression analysis identified annulus areas and tenting height (p = 0.03 and 0.04, respectively) as significant predictors of tricuspid regurgitation.

Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that annulus area and perimeter correlate better than diameters for measuring the tricuspid annulus and have significant influence on functional tricuspid regurgitation. Leaflet analysis remains limited. Further studies will identify their impact on follow-up recurrence of functional tricuspid regurgitation.

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