Chronic Adaptation of Achilles Tendon Tissues upon Injury to Rotator Cuff Tendon in Hyperlipidemic Swine

Author(s): Merlin Rajesh Lal L.P and Devendra K. Agrawal

The biomechanical properties of the tendon are affected due to the changes in composition of the tendon extracellular matrix (ECM). Age, overuse, trauma and metabolic disorders are a few associated conditions that contribute to tendon abnormalities. Hyperlipidemia is one of the leading factors that contribute to the compromised biomechanical. Injury was made on infraspinatus tendon of hyperlipidemic swines. After 8 weeks (i) infraspinatus tendon from the injury site, (ii) infraspinatus tendon from the contralateral side and (iii) Achilles tendon, were collected and analyzed for ECM components that form the major part in biomechanical properties. Immunostaining of infraspinatus tendon on the injury site had higher staining collagen type-1 (COL1A1), biglycan, prolyl 4-hydroxylase and mohawk but lower staining for decorin than the control group. The Achilles tendon of the swines that had injury on infraspinatus tendon showed a chronic adaptation towards load which was evident from a more organized ECM with increased decorin, mohawk and decreased biglycan, scleraxis. The mechanism behind the collagen turnover and chronic adaptation to load need to be studied in detail with the biomechanical properties.

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