Association of Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate with Hba1c and Microvascular Complications in Type 2 Diabetes
Author(s): Salman Tariq, Nabeel Yousaf Chaudhary, Talha Ibad, Mahrukh Naeem, Jawiria Javid, Sajeela Riaz
Introduction: As a leading cause of death and disability worldwide, diabetes directly affects people and increases their risk of cardiovascular and renal illness. Type 2 diabetes has microvascular complications that are linked to hemoglobin A1c and the estimated glomerular filtration rate.
Material-Methods : This cross-sectional study was conducted in Wazirabad Institute of Cardiology, Gujranwala during June 2021 till December 2021. A total of 200 people with diabetes, both men and women, participated in the study. An electronic form was utilized to collect all demographic information, a history of illness, and blood transfusion history, as well as any other relevant information that could be found. A thorough clinical examination was conducted on each of the participants
Results: A total of 200 patients, both male and female, were surveyed. Study participants were found to have a 24.6 % prevalence of diabetes overall, with 200 people diagnosed with the condition after the study (95 % confidence interval: 21.90 - 27.49). 31.5 % who participated in the research reported having a history of illness (P 0.001).
Conclusion: To conclude that HbA1c and renal function decline in type 2 diabetes patients are directly linked, with the connection being greater in those who have microalbuminuria than in those who have normal kidney function.