Assessment of Quality of Life in Parents of Attention- Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Children at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangladesh

Author(s): Nath MC, Morshed NM, Zohra F, Nath MC, Dutta BK, Pal BC, Khan R, Haque S, Dey P, Rahman AKMS

Background: Optimal Quality of Life (QOL) among the parents of children with Attention- Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is very crucial. This study aimed to explore the QOL of the parents of ADHD children at a tertiary care hospital.

Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Psychiatry, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh from August 2019 to August 2021. Total forty-four (44) parents of children with ADHD were interviewed. A sociodemographic questionnaire and World Health Organization Quality of Life Brief Scale (WHOQOL-BREF) were applied to evaluate QOL of different domains including physical, psychological, social and environmental domains among the respondents. Collected data were analyzed and compared by statistical tests.

Results: The mean age of the parents was 28.6±5.23 years, where 54.5% were aged >30 years. Female respondents were more (68.2%). Of them 22.7% were single parents. Among four domains of QOL; the psychological domain had lowest median score (11.0) followed by physical (11.3), social (11.5) and environmental (11.6) domain scores respectively. Physical domain score of QOL was significantly associated with gender, family size, employment status, monthly income and education of the parents. Psychological domain score of QOL was significantly associated with residence, monthly income and education. Social domain score of QOL was significantly associated with education. While environmental domain score of QOL was significantly associated with gender, marital status and education of parents.

Conclusions: The quality of life is impaired in parents of ADHD children where several socio-demographic factors influencing their quality of life.

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