Antibiotic Resistant Pattern of Bacteria Isolated from Faecal Pellets of Supella longipalpa (Cockroach) Found in Akungba Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria

Author(s): Osuntokun Oludare Temitope, Komolafe Tobiloba Emmanuel

The aims and objective of this research work centers on the assessment of antibiotics resistance pattern of bacteria present in the faecal droplet of Supella longipalpa (Cockroach) found in Akungba Akoko, Ondo State Nigeria. Supella longipalpa(Cockroach) Samples were isolated, total microscopy (enumeration), and re-identified(API kit) using serial dilution and standard microbiological method. Among the Bacteria isolated include both Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, namely; Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus cereus, Citrobacter spp, Corynebacterium spp, Klebsiella spp, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli and Enterobacter spp others include Salmonella typhi, Citrobacter freundi, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The microbial load enumerated is between the range of 0.3 x 106 and 5.0 x 106. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was carried out using the disk diffusion technique. Antibiotics used for the assay include gentamicin, ofloxacinpefloxacin, augmentin, erythromycin, tetracycline, amocillin, cotrimazole, nitrofurantoin, ciprofloxacin, streptomycin. The resistance pattern in Gram negative bacteria revealed that most of the bacteria were resistant to Augmentin, Ceftriaxone, Nitrofuratoin, Amoxicillin and Cotrimoxazole, resistant to tetracycline, resistant to gentamycin, ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin. Gram positive bacteria were sensitive to streptomycin, cotrimozazole, augmentin, tetracycline, cloxacilin, gentamycin, erythromycin and chloramphenicol. Conclusively, Vectors borne diseases remain one of the several recalcitrant plaques of human population. The surveillance and control were often overlooked. Supella longipalpa (Cockroach) were found as a commensal bacteria with multidrug resistant bacteria of significant public health issues, thereby propagating the transmission of the multiple resistant bacteria and inparting negatively on control measures in which disease outbreak is immanent.

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