A Posterior Mediastinal Neurofibroma in a Five-Year-Old Girl

Author(s): Roeya kolsi, Rim Belhaj, Amina Kammoun, Yosr Hentati, Zeineb Mnif, Hajer Aloulou, Ines Maaloul, Thouraya Kammoun

Neurofibromas are rare tumors that are often benign. We present the case of a 5-year-old girl who presented with a cough in a febrile context. The chest X-ray showed a posterior mediastinal syndrome and the spinal MRI showed a right posterior mediastinal mass, with regular outlines, with an extension at the level of the right conjugation foramen at the T11-T12 level. The biopsy showed a compatible aspect with a neurofibroma without histological signs of malignancy. The Checkup MRI showed a slight increase in tumor size and the therapeutic decision was to abstain with regular radiological monitoring.

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